a r m a . K a g y u . T r a d i t i o n
from "The Biographies of the Kagyu Lineage" by the second Shamarpa,
was born to a royal family in Bengal. He was given the name Samantabhadra
and was brought up to become a king. However, being more inclined
towards a spiritual path and intellectual studies, at the age of
eight he asked to go to Kashmir for higher education. Three years
later he arrived there and began his studies in art, science, grammar,
rhetoric and logic with the most well-known teachers of that time.
completing his studies he returned home to find that his parents
had arranged for his marriage to a Brahmin girl named Vimaladipi.
The marriage only lasted eight years and was dissolved upon Naropa's
He returned to Kashmir where he was ordained and continued to pursue
the age of twenty-eight he went to live in Pullahari. He received
further teachings at the nearby Buddhist University of Nalanda,
where he later became an Abbot. One day a dakini appeared before
him. She explained the importance of meditation practice suggesting
that he seek out the master Tilopa for instructions.
Naropa left in search of this teacher whom he encountered while
travelling East. During his training with Tilopa he was subjected
to considerable hardships. However, Naropa persevered and attained
mastery of the teachings he received.
Tibetan disciple, Marpa the translator, brought these teachings
to Tibet and became the founding father of the Kagyupa lineage.