a r m a . K a g y u . T r a d i t i o n
Thirteenth Karmapa, Dudul Dorje (1733-1797)
from The Pure Moon Crystal of Devotion (dad-pa'i zla-shal) by Jamgon
Drukchen, Kunzig Chokyi Nangwa
Thirteenth Karmapa, Dudul Dorje was born at Champa Drongsar in Southern
Tibet. He was recognized by Kato Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu and Situ
Tibet was being ruled by the
seventh Dalai Lama, Kalzang Gyatso, and his prime minister Sonam
Topgyal at the time. As they wanted all government officials to
be Gelugpa followers, that rule was initiated. Previously, officials
who adhered to other traditions had been allowed to work in the
government's administration. Because of this political decision,
it became necessary to request the Dalai Lama's seal of approval
of the new Karmapa reincarnation. This was a purely political matter
brought about by the sectarianism of the time.
The Karmapa was brought to
Tsurphu Monastery when five years old. At the age of twelve he received
all the Kagyu teachings from Situ Chokyi Jungnay and the sixth Kyabgon
Drukchen, Kagyu Thinley Shingta. He also received Nyingma teachings
from Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu. Problems arose concerning the tenth
Shamar reincarnation, when the Gyaltsap Tulku claimed that the son
of the well-known Ger Namsay Ling family was the reincarnation and
the Karmapa and the Situpa declared that the Panchen Lama's younger
brother was the Shamar reincarnation. After a series of difficulties
the dispute was settled. It was recognized that Gyaltsap had failed
to find the true reincarnation.
Thus the Karmapa and the Situpa
jointly recognized the tenth Shamarpa, Mipham Chodrub Gyamtso. He
became a principal disciple of both of them.
Dudul Dorje also found and
identified the ninth Situpa, Pema Nyinche Wangpo. Both the tenth
Shamar and the ninth Situ were close disciples of the Karmapa, and
both became lineage holders.
Karmapa Dudul Dorje passed
away in his sixty-fourth year.
Tenth Shamarpa, Mipham Chodrub Gyamtso (1742-1793)