a r m a . K a g y u . T r a d i t i o n
from The Garland of Moon Water Crystal by Situ Chokyi Jungnay and
Belo Tsewang Kunkhyab
eighth Shamarpa, Chokyi Dondrub, was Situ Chokyi Jungnay's guru.
Situpa, in his autobiography, tells the reader that he regards Shamarpa
as the embodiment of Amithaba, the Buddha of Boundless Light, and
that their meeting brought meaning to his life.
The twelfth Karmapa, Changchub
Dorje and the eighth Shamarpa, Palchen Choyki Dondrub, met with
Situ Chokyi Jungnay in East Tibet on their way to China in 1735.
They told Situpa that they would not return to Tibet and instructed
him to take charge of the Karma Kagyu lineage until their reincarnations
When Situ Chokyi Jungnay heard
of the deaths of both the Karmapa and the Shamarpa in China, he
began a search for their reincarnations. With the help of the Nyingma
Master Kato Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu, he found and installed the 13th
Karmapa, Dudul Dorje, and the 9th Shamarpa, Geway Jungnay. As the
lineage holder, Situpa was able to give the entire cycle of the
Kagyu teachings to the 13th Karmapa. The Shamarpa, however, lived
only for eight years. Later the Karmapa, Situpa and Kato Rigdzin
Tsewang Norbu recognized a younger brother of the 4th Panchen Lama,
Palden Yeshe, as Shamarpa's reincarnation. However, the 7th Gyaltsab
Rinpoche (1699-1765) had already appointed the son of the wealthy
Namsayling family as the reincarnation. He was supported in this
by many monks of the Yangpachen Monastery, Shamarpa's seat in Tibet.
controversy was taken to court, and it was resolved that the Karmapa,
Situpa and Kato Rigdzin Tsewang Norbu had found the authentic reincarnation,
who was then installed and received teachings from both the Karmapa
and the Situpa.
Thirteenth Karmapa, Dudul Dorje (1733-1797)